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FAQ

How does therapy work?

The purpose of psychotherapy is to help you resolve personal problems and to learn ways to manage them more effectively. It is the role of the therapist to listen, to understand, to employ psychological techniques and suggestions, and to be helpful to the fullest extent of his or her professional training and experience. It is your responsibility to help your therapist understand your personal situation, behaviors, thoughts, and feelings, and to be committed to a carefully planned program of personal change. It calls for a very active effort on your part and you will have to work on relevant issues that are discussed both during your sessions and at home. Your faithful attendance to all scheduled appointments is essential to the success of the therapy as is a willingness to discuss your personal problems openly and honestly.

What will happen in the first session?

The goal of the first (or “consultation”) session is to fully assess the nature of your personal problems and your situation and to formulate an appropriate plan of treatment. A number of personal questions will be asked in this first session and a variety of matters relating to your personal problems will be discussed. On occasion, this assessment process will include psychological testing or consultation with other sources such as doctors or members of your family (only with your written permission). As part of a comprehensive assessment, we offer the opportunity to meet with our team Physician to evaluate your medical health and prescribe medications, if necessary.  Once the full assessment is complete, treatment recommendations will be shared with you. Then, you and your therapist will develop an acceptable treatment plan.

Do I need to choose either CBT or IPT?

No.  All of the therapists at CITC are trained in both CBT and IPT.  And both therapies complement each other well.  CBT techniques can be incorporated into IPT therapy and vice versa.  At times, one therapy approach will be recommended over the other (e.g., CBT in the case of social anxiety, or IPT in the case of a recent loss).  You and your therapist will discuss the different treatment options during the first session and come up with a good treatment plan.

How long will therapy last?

The frequency of your appointments should be determined during the first few therapy sessions, and will vary depending upon your specific needs. Usually, after six to eight sessions, you and your therapist will discuss your progress. Treatment goals will be reviewed periodically and may be revised when necessary. Remember that you retain complete control of the therapy process. You have the right at any time to discontinue treatment whether or not your therapist agrees with your decision. Termination, however, should always be discussed with your therapist before you decide to discontinue therapy. Because every therapy experience is unique, the outcomes vary from person to person.

Are Psychological Services Covered by OHIP?

Psychological services are not covered by OHIP, but are partially covered by extended health insurance plans. The coverage for each carrier is different, so please check your plan to see what the coverage is for psychological services, the claim procedure, details required on receipts, and whether or not you will require a letter of referral from your physician. The fees charged follow the guidelines set by the Ontario Psychological Association (OPA). Payment for services is due at the end of each session and a receipt will be given to you when payment is received. Please retain these receipts for your insurance or income tax claim, if applicable.

Are there any risks?

Psychotherapy can have both benefits and risks. Since therapy can involve discussing unpleasant aspects of your life you may experience uncomfortable feelings such as sadness, guilt, anger, frustration, loneliness and helplessness.

How do I book an appointment?

If you would like to be considered for treatment at the Cognitive and Interpersonal Therapy Center call 416-570-5050 or email info@citcassociates.com. An appointment will be scheduled with one of our therapists who will conduct a comprehensive intake interview and determine the need for psychological treatment. The wait times are approximately 1-2 weeks, depending on therapist availability.  You can also fill out the referral form on this website, or ask your family doctor to fill out the referral form.