Our Professionals

Dr. Carolina McBride, C. Psych – Director

Dr. Carolina McBride is the founder and Director of the Cognitive and Interpersonal Therapy Centre, which has been in operation since 2003. She completed her PhD in 1999 from the University of Ottawa, and received most of her clinical training at the Toronto General Hospital and the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH). She worked at CAMH from 2000 until 2014 in Interpersonal Therapy Clinic and was the Director of the Internship Program in Clinical Psychology from 2006 to 2009.  Dr. McBride is active in teaching and has been an assistant professor at the University of Toronto as well as an adjunct professor at Ryerson University, the University of Waterloo, and Wilfrid Laurier University. She is currently an adjunct professor at the University of Toronto. Dr. McBride has several peer-reviewed papers in academic journals, and during her time at CAMH was involved in various government funded research grants examining personality, attachment and depression. Dr. McBride is a certified clinician in Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Interpersonal Therapy.  She is also  a licensed member of the College of Psychologists of Ontario (CPO), and a member of the Ontario Psychological Association (OPA) and Association for Behaviour and Cognitive Therapies (ABCT). She is a certified diplomate of the Academy of Cognitive Therapists as well as a member of the International Society of Interpersonal Psychotherapists.

Dr. Kristen Adams, C. Psych

Dr. Adams has worked in private practice settings for the last decade treating couples as well as individual concerns such as depression, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, adjustment disorders, life transitions, divorce, bereavement, and relationship/ interpersonal difficulties. Her clinical training included placements at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Affective Disorders Unit and the Sunnybrook Hospital Short-term Psychotherapy Unit.  Dr. Adams has a specific interest in working with couples and trained in Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT). She participated as a therapist in Dr. Leslie Greenberg’s research project about resolution of couples’ emotional injuries and has also written a paper about forgiveness processes in couples.









Dr. Jessica Dere, C. Psych

Dr. Jessica Dere completed her Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology at Concordia University. She received clinical training in a number of settings in Montreal, including St. Mary’s Hospital Centre. She completed her internship in Calgary, working at the Sheldon M. Chumir Health Centre and Foothills Medical Centre. Dr. Dere has received training in assessment and intervention with adolescents and adults, and has experience providing individual, group, and couples therapy. Her primary theoretical orientation is cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). She also integrates other evidence-based practices into her work, including mindfulness, relaxation methods, and schema therapy. She has worked with individuals experiencing a variety of mental health difficulties, including major depression, anxiety disorders (e.g., panic disorder, phobias, social anxiety, health anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder) and significant life stress. Dr. Dere holds a faculty position as Clinical Lecturer in the Psychology Department at the University of Toronto Scarborough, where she teaches courses in psychology and mental health studies. Her research expertise is in the area of culture and mental health, and she has published a number of academic papers in this area. She is particularly interested in understanding cultural variations in how emotional distress is experienced and expressed to others. This cultural focus also deeply informs her clinical practice, and contributes to the client-centered approach that guides her work with all clients.

Dr. Leah Enns, Ph.D., C. Psych

Dr. Leah Enns received her Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology (CPA and APA accredited) from Concordia University in 2014 and C.Psych in 2015. Prior to her move to Toronto, she was a clinical psychologist and assistant professor with the Department of Clinical Health Psychology at the University of Manitoba, where she also completed her residency. In this position, Dr. Enns was a psychologist at the FASD Centre and worked on a multi-disciplinary team that specializes in the diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, worked with children, adolescents, parents, and families in the child and adolescent outpatient services at the Health Sciences Centre, and held a private practice. During this time, she also began a research program at the FASD Centre and has several peer-reviewed papers in academic journals regarding the diagnostic assessment of FASD. With respect to her practice with CITC, Dr. Enns’ approach includes an integration of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, as well as an incorporation of strategies from Mindfulness, Collaborative Problem-Solving, and Positive Parenting Program (Triple P) orientations as appropriate. Dr. Enns enjoys working collaboratively with children, adolescents, adults, parents, and/or families on issues concerning anxiety, depression, adjustment to illness, behaviour problems, stress management, chronic pain, enuresis/encopresis, feeding difficulties, and sleep. She also administers psychoeducational and diagnostic assessments for questions regarding cognitive, learning, and attention difficulties. Dr. Enns is a registered clinical psychologist with the College of Ontario (CPO) and Psychological Association of Manitoba (PAM), and is affiliated with several professional associations.

Dr. Nicola Fitzgerald, C. Psych

Dr. Niki Fitzgerald completed her PhD in Clinical Psychology at the University of Windsor, where she also earned her Master’s degree. She trained in both Canada and the United States, including the State University of New York – Upstate Medical University, Detroit Receiving Hospital, the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, as well as various organizations in the Windsor area. She has worked at the Psychological Trauma Program/Work, Stress, and Health program since 2006 where she is involved in assessment, treatment, and supervision of students and interns. Dr. Fitzgerald has worked in a number of therapeutic orientations, including cognitive behavioural, interpersonal, psychodynamic, and experiential. She is a certified diplomate of the Academy of Cognitive Therapy. She is actively involved in her professional association as she sits on the Board of Directors of the Ontario Psychological Association. Dr. Fitzgerald is a licensed member of the College of Psychologists of Ontario (CPO), and a member of various professional organizations including the Canadian, American, and Ontario Psychological Associations, (CPA, APA, and OPA), as well at the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ISTSS). Dr. Fitzgerald’s primary areas of clinical interest are depression and anxiety and understanding the patterns that maintain these problems in living.

Dr. Lorena Hsu, C. Psych

Dr. Lorena Hsu completed her Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology at the University of British Columbia. She has received clinical training at the University of British Columbia Hospital and St. Paul’s Hospital in Vancouver, and completed an internship at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto in the Anxiety Disorders Clinic and the Psychological Trauma Program. Dr. Hsu’s primary theoretical orientation is cognitive behavioural therapy, although she often draws from various other therapy modalities, including interpersonal psychotherapy, schema therapy, mindfulness, and acceptance and commitment therapy, in order to suit individual client needs. Dr. Hsu has provided therapy to adults in both individual and group settings. Her primary areas of clinical interest include anxiety and depression, trauma, stress management and adjustment issues, interpersonal and relationship difficulties, eating disorder issues, and chronic pain. She has taught a number of CBT workshops to mental health professionals and internationally trained therapists.

Dr. Jamal Lake, C. Psych.

Dr. Jamal Lake completed his Psy.D. (Doctorate of Psychology) in Clinical Psychology from the University of Queensland (Brisbane, Australia) in 2011 following an undergraduate degree (Honours Bachelor of Arts in Psychology) from the University of Guelph.  His clinical training was across a variety of settings in Brisbane including the Princess Alexandra Hospital, Queensland District School Board, and psychology clinics within the University of Queensland. Since completing his training, Dr. Lake has been working with children, adolescents, and adults across private practice and hospital settings. He primarily uses a Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) approach but integrates other evidence-based techniques into his treatment. Dr. Lake currently assesses and treats adolescents and adults who present with depression and anxiety issues, workplace or school stress, sleep issues, ADHD, chronic pain, PTSD, relationship/family difficulties, substance abuse and learning disabilities. He uses a holistic, collaborative approach tailored to each client to help them effectively cope with their struggles, achieve their treatment goals, and improve their overall quality of life. Dr. Lake is a registered Clinical Psychologist with the College of Psychologists of Ontario (CPO) and a member of the Ontario Psychological Association.

Dr. Dessy Marinova, C.Psych

Dr. Dessy Marinova obtained her Ph.D. in Developmental Psychology with clinical specialization from the University of Waterloo.  She earned a Master’s Degree in Psychology from Sofia University.  Dr. Dessy has trained and worked at the Centre For Addiction and Mental Health, Sick Kids Hospital, the Waterloo District School Board, and the Toronto District School Board (TDSB). Dr. Dessy has extensive clinical experience with children, adolescents and adults who present with mood and anxiety issues, learning disability and ADHD.  She has also treated individuals who have significant difficulties coping with major life stresses, developmental transitions, as well as with relationships challenges and family conflict.  At CITC, Dr. Dessy provides psychological assessments, psychotherapy as well as parent consultations and counselling. Client population include children, teens, adults and parents. Dr. Dessy utilizes integrative and individualized treatment drawing from evidence-based approaches such as cognitive behavioural, interpersonal, solution focused, mindfulness, psycho-dynamic and dialectical behaviour therapy.   She employs holistic approach to help her clients learn to identify and accept their vulnerabilities, manage their emotions, nurture their strengths, improve the quality of their relationships, their ability to cope with life stresses, as well as to optimize their overall psychological functioning. Dr. Dessy is a registered psychologist with the College of Psychologists of Ontario and a member of the Ontario Psychological Association.

Dr. Ashley Palandra, C. Psych.

Dr. Ashley Palandra completed her Ph.D. in Counselling Psychology from the University of British Columbia. Previously, she completed master’s degrees from New York University and the University of Toronto. Dr. Palandra has trained in community mental health, student counselling, and hospital-based settings in both Canada and the US. She completed her master’s-level internship at the Centre for the Study of Anorexia and Bulimia in New York City, and completed her doctoral-level APA/CPA accredited internship at the Student Counselling Centre at the University of Manitoba. In addition to her work in private practice, she is currently completing a post-doctoral fellowship at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, within the Integrated Care Pathway program for Major Depression and Alcohol Dependence. Dr. Palandra works with adults in both individual and group therapy. In her clinical practice, she is particularly interested in women’s mental health, eating disorders and body image issues, trauma, depression, anxiety, as well as relational and identity-related issues. Dr. Palandra works collaboratively with clients to develop treatment goals and a plan to address their unique needs, drawing from a variety of theoretical/counselling approaches and evidence-based practice.

Aaron Arkin, B.Sc., RP, RPSGT.

Aaron is a Registered Psychotherapist and Registered Sleep Technologist with over 20 years of experience in the industry. He studied Psychology at Trent University and graduated with an Honours Bachelor of Science degree. Aaron then spent two years in the Graduate Program in Experimental Psychology at the University of Southern Mississippi, where he specialized in the relationship of Sleep to Learning and Memory. He developed the Evolution Sleep insomnia program in 2013 and specializes in helping people who suffer from behavioural sleep issues.

His approach to insomnia utilizes techniques found in cognitive-behavioural therapy for insomnia (cbt-i), and introduces a diagnostic component which allows for objective monitoring before and after treatment. This unique approach can allow for improvement to be gauged on both a subjective and an objective level. Aaron also has experience with the wide range of sleep disorders, and is often asked to speak at public events offering his insight into the world of sleep.

Maria Christopoulos, M.A., M.Sc., RP

Maria is a psychotherapist with a Master’s Degree in Counselling Psychology. Her primary area of expertise lies within individual and group therapy for adults and adolescents using the Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) model. Using the CBT model, Maria specializes in the treatment of anxiety disorders, including obsessive compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and social anxiety. She also treats individuals with depression and those coping with adverse life experiences. Stress and bullying are prevalent issues for adolescents, requiring specialized support to help them cope. Maria can provide this support for your child. For 10 years, Maria was a teacher working in the elementary and secondary school levels. Her experiences vary in both the public and private education systems. Maria went on to receive her Principal’s Qualifications from the OISE Institute at the University of Toronto. Her combined experience and credentials has provided valuable insight and resources for adolescents and their parents.

Armita Hosseini, M.Ed., M.A., RP

Ms. Armita Hosseini is a registered psychotherapist with the College of Registered Psychotherapists of Ontario and a trained clinician with a Master’s of Education in Counselling Psychology from University of Western Ontario (2013) and a Master’s of Arts in Clinical-Developmental Psychology from York University (2015). Throughout her clinical training, she has worked for publicly funded mental health agencies including Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, East Metro Youth Services, Aisling Child and Family Discoveries Centre and has been involved in private practice working with various mental health difficulties and populations. Currently, she conducts psycho-educational and psychological assessments to children, adolescents with learning, attentional or mood difficulties. She also assesses individuals who have been involved in motor vehicle or industrial accidents. She is specialized in short-term, and solution focused therapy.

Armita is warm, compassionate and highly collaborative in her approach to treatment. Therapy begins with a thorough psychological assessment to understand your life and the context of your concerns as well as develop the most effective and tailored treatment plan. Armita maintains a focus on the core concerns that impede your goals. She is sensitive and gentle in her approach and focuses on building a strong therapeutic relationship. Currently, she is navigating her registration as a psychological associate in the province of Ontario under the supervision of registered psychologists.