A psychoeducational assessment involves a comprehensive assessment of cognitive and academic functioning, as well as an evaluation of various information processing skills essential in learning (e.g., memory, oral language, phonological awareness abilities, executive functioning skills).
Giftedness is considered an identification of superior cognitive ability (98th percentile or greater) which is significantly more advanced than other peers their age. These children are typically advanced or high potential learners and require opportunities to learn at a faster pace to stimulate their intellectual growth and achieve their full potential.
A learning disability includes difficulties in interpreting, understanding, and/or utilizing new information, despite average to above average intellectual ability. An assessment of the learning area(s) your child is struggling with can help you and your child’s school better understand your child’s challenges, as well as their strengths. This in turn can help you and your school provide targeted support for your child.
An intellectual disability involves significant difficulties in both intellectual or cognitive functioning (e.g., problem-solving, learning, judgement) and adaptive functioning (e.g., daily activities that can be expected to be carried out independently based on chronological age). An assessment can be useful for understanding a person’s overall cognitive abilities, as well as their individual strengths and areas of challenge. This information can then be used to help with educational planning, placement, and acquiring appropriate services and supports.
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurocognitive disorder typically characterized by difficulties in executive functioning skills (i.e., organization/planning, attention/focus, memory and processing speed, emotional control, problem solving).